How to Tackle Essays related to USA 2020 Presidential elections

2020 Presidential Elections

A well-functioning election process is a necessary representation of democracy and accountability in modern society. Elections give voice to the people. Elections ensure citizens have a say in the administration process and the functioning of society. With America’s fast-approaching Presidential election on November 3rd, 2020, discussions on the nature, workings, and importance of elections are among the most common assignments in higher learning institutions. Educating young adults on how elections allow the entire society to contribute to governance is imperative. Essay writing is among the most common systems educators use to assess students in higher education.
Essay writing allows instructors to evaluate the content, written communication skills, presentation skills, and vocabulary, among other skills. Essays are used as teaching and learning tools from different disciplines including political science, literature, psychology, sociology, nursing, health sciences, and history. For students to tackle an essay related to the 2020 presidential elections in the USA, it is essential to understand the USA’s presidential election process, and the key variables used in predicting the outcome of the elections.

The Presidential Election Process in the USA
The Presidential election in the USA typically occurs every four years and spans for more than ten months from January/February to voting in November and inauguration in January. For an individual to be eligible to run for the USA presidency, he or she must be at least 35 years old, born in the USA, and lived in the country for the past fourteen years. The USA presidential election occurs in five core stages. The five phases include; primaries and Caucuses, National Convention, General Election, the Electoral College, and Inauguration.

⦁ Primaries and Caucuses
The first stage in electing the president of the USA is nominating an individual. To select a nominee, the parties usually hold primaries and caucuses in different states to choose delegates who will, in turn, provide the presidential nominee. Some states typically have secret ballots to select delegates while others pick delegates by a show of hands in an open meeting.  
⦁ National Convention
A national convention is a large gathering where all the previously selected delegates from different states vote for a candidate. The party announces who has been chosen to run for the presidency for their party. There are two types of delegates, pledged delegates who support the candidate they were assigned in the primary and caucus and the unpledged delegates who are allowed to choose the candidate they would like to support. The delegates also vote for the running mate at the same convention. The political parties hold their national conventions separately. Upon selecting the presidential and the vice-presidential nominees, campaigns, rallies, and televised debates are held in earnest.
⦁ General Election
The general election is the process that allows every US citizen who is at least 18 years to vote for who they want to be the next president of the USA. The general election counts for the popular vote. When an American citizen casts a ballot for the president, he or she is voting for an elector who will, in turn, vote for the president. An elector is a representative of a presidential candidate party. In most cases, the candidate who gets the most votes in a particular state is likely to win that state’s electoral votes and subsequently get the total number of electors in the state in the winner takes all system. However, a candidate can become the USA president even when he did not win in national votes. The Electoral College selects the president of the USA.
⦁ The Electoral College
It is paramount to understand the Electoral College and how it works to tackle any paper on the USA presidential elections. In the most recent presidential elections in 2016, Donald Trump became the USA’s 45th president despite Hillary Clinton getting almost three million more votes, all because of the Electoral College. Similarly, in 2000, although Al Gore won over half a million national votes than Bush, Bush became president due to the Electoral College votes. Five hundred thirty-eight electors vote for the president of the USA on behalf of the people. A presidential candidate needs a majority of 270 votes to win the Presidency.

Each state is apportioned a certain number of electoral votes depending on the total congressional districts in the state and two other votes that represent the state’s senate seats. Additionally, although Washington DC has no voting representation in Congress, the state is allocated three electoral votes. Selecting the electors differs from one state to another but is typically done in two ways. Before the elections, the political parties can either pick electors at national conventions, or the parties’ central committees can nominate them.
The Electoral College primarily operates on a winner-claims-all basis implying the contender with the highest number of votes in a particular state claims all the electoral votes in that state. For instance, in 2016, while Trump only beat Hillary by a mere margin of 2.2% in Florida, he claimed all 29 of Florida’s electoral votes. Therefore, the Electoral College selects the president based on individual key states regardless of national vote lead.
2016 Elections: How Trump won

Some experts argue that the Electoral College system continues to undermine democracy that should be excised in elections since it undercuts national votes cast by the people. Indeed, in the past two decades, the Electoral College has earned the presidency for two candidates that won fewer votes than their opponents.
Popular Votes and Presidency Bar Graph

Moreover, the Electoral College over-represent individuals in less populated states like North and South Dakota and small states like New England but under-represent densely populated states like California and Florida. Although the number of electoral votes allocated to an individual state somewhat represents the population of that state, the required minimum of three votes per state implies some disparity in allocating electoral votes across the USA. For instance, a state like Wyoming has an electoral vote for every 193,000 people, while in California, one electoral vote represents 718,000 people.
⦁ Inauguration
Inauguration takes place on January 20th. It involves the elected president, who won in the Electoral College, taking an oath to serve as the USA president.
Who will win the 2020 presidential race? Swing States Analysis.
The nature of the Electoral College implies a candidate can become the president of the United States without necessarily winning the popular vote. Therefore, an essay requiring analyzing who will win the 2020 elections is grounded on evaluating each state’s electoral votes, particularly the swing states. A Presidential candidate can easily win the Electoral College votes of their solid states, states that are historically known to vote red or vote blue. Therefore, the presidential elections usually occur in specific vital states, including; Florida, North Carolina, Nevada, Ohio, Arizona, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Georgia, Iowa, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, and Michigan. In 2016, Trump took the lead in electoral votes in Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin, states that had not voted Republican since the 1980s, making them particularly interesting swing states in the 2020 elections. Similarly, Trump won in Iowa, Florida, and Ohio, which was imperative in securing his Presidency.

In Pennsylvania, many voters went with Trump, a businessman, in 2016 owing to the stagnant economy due to the decline of coal manufacturing and a strong base of white voters. Many republicans went out to vote while voter turnout among Democrats was relatively low. However, the state remains a primary swing state in the 2020 elections. Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and is likely to use his blue-collar, working-class roots to rally voters to his presidency. Moreover, there are significant demographic changes in the state with an increase in Latin American, African American, and Asian Americans voters who historically vote Democrat
Pennsylvania Numbers

⦁ Electoral college votes 20
⦁ 2016: Trump won by 44,292 votes
⦁ Latest polling data
Biden
52.3%
Trump
46.2%


Michigan
Similarly, in Michigan, turnout was vital in Trump’s win. Many Republicans went out to vote while Democrats did not. Many critics argue that Democrats in the state were over-confident in 2016. Many of Biden supports in the state urge Democrats to vote to enable Biden to take the state’s sixteen electoral votes.
Michigan Numbers
⦁ Electoral college votes 16
⦁ 2016Trump won by 10,704 votes
⦁ Latest polling data
Biden
53.1%
Trump
44.9%


Wisconsin
In Wisconsin, Trump took the lead in 2016, mainly because Hillary neglected the state in her campaign efforts. Many African-Americans and young progressive voters failed to vote. The results in the Presidential election of 2020 depend on the campaign efforts of the two parties. Trump law and order campaign message is likely to appeal to many voters in Milwaukee, a region characterized by many disorderly instances in recent years.
Wisconsin Numbers
⦁ Electoral college votes 10
⦁ 2016 Trump won by 22,748 votes
⦁ Latest polling data

Biden
53.4%
Trump
45.2%


Florida
As usual, Florida remains a critical swing state with 29 electoral votes that will impact the 2020 presidential elections. The electorate in Florida includes African Americans, older whites, and Hispanic voters. Florida’s older population has been affected heavily by the COVID-19 pandemic implying less support for Trump. Moreover, Biden has made as evident headway with some Hispanic voters.


Ohio
Ohio is another crucial swing state with 18 Electoral College votes. In 2016, Trump had an evident win in this state. Unlike other swing states, the demographics in Ohio have not changed much, skewing to the older and less diverse population that are historically Republican votes.
Ohio Numbers
⦁ Electoral college votes 18
⦁ 2016Trump won by 446,841 votes
⦁ Latest polling data
Biden
47.8%
Trump
49.2%


Georgia
Although Georgia is a reliably red state, Democrats continue to rally Black voters, particularly in Atlanta, to vote. It is essential to acknowledge Trump remains popular mainly in rural areas and might easily win the state, as was the case in 2016.

North Carolina
President Barack Obama won North Carolina in 2008 but lost it in 2012, and Trump won it in 2016. Taking into account the changing demographics, North Carolina is indeed a tight race. The state is divided between rural areas with white conservative voters, urban professionals, black voters, and university students. Trump emphasizes his law and order campaign to appeal to the state’s suburban, white, and college-educated voters.

Arizona
While Arizona is historically a Red state, the region’s fast-changing demographics give Democrats hope of flipping the state. Indeed, Arizona’s Latino population, mostly democratic voters, expands annually. The fact that the state has been hit hard by the Covid-19 virus implies many older voters that supported Trump in 2016 might not do so. In the midterm in 2018, democrats won the senate seat for the first time in 3 decades.

Minnesota
While Minnesota has supported democrats eleven consequent times, Hillary defeated Trump with a mere 1.5 percent of the votes. Indeed, Trump’s message appeals to the voters on farms and in factories and constituencies with many white and older voters. Moreover, the focus on policing and systematic racism might prove an excellent motivator for voter turnout in the 2020 election for both parties. The killing of George Floyd, an African American, occurred in the state and was a catalyst for extensive Black Lives Matter protests.
Minnesota Numbers
⦁ Electoral college votes 10
⦁ 2016Clinton won by 44,765 votes
⦁ Latest polling data
Biden
51.6%
Trump
43.7%


Nevada
One of Biden’s Nevada campaign features a young woman crying recounting her grandmother’s death from COVID-19. The state is home to two large groups that have been hit particularly hard by the pandemic, hospitality workers, the older population, which explains Biden’s campaign in the region. While Nevada voted democratic in the past three presidential elections, and likely to do so in the 2020 elections, Trump lost by a relatively small margin in 2016, emphasizing the state’s potential on determining the next president.

Iowa
Iowa is recognized as one of the country’s swing states, characterized by narrow wins between the two parties. When Trump won Iowa in 2016, many believed that the older and overwhelmingly white population in the state had sealed Iowa as a red state. However, polls indicate Iowa remains a tight race between Biden and Trump.
Iowa Numbers
⦁ Electoral college votes 6
⦁ 2016 Trump won by 147,314 votes
⦁ Latest polling data
Biden
49.1%
Trump
47.7%


New Hampshire
Trump has dedicated a lot of resources in New Hampshire after losing the state to Hillary in 2016. Indeed, apart from supporting Bush in 2000, New Hampshire has voted Democratic since 1992. Biden has enjoyed a lead in the state despite not being a favorite of the voters’ primary vote.
New Hampshire Numbers
⦁ Electoral college votes 4
⦁ 2016 Clinton won by 2,736 votes
⦁ Latest polling data
Biden
54.0%
Trump
44.0%

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